Lately, news about Zika virus Wisconsin raged by the media or online in Indonesia. This is not because the Zika virus spread so masiv is happening in Latin America, especially in Brazil and Colombia. So masiv this Zika virus attacks, the World Health Organization (WHO) had to create a special task force to it.
Zika virus Wisconsin, chikungunya and dengue haemorrhagic fever is transmitted by mosquitoes same intermediary, namely the mosquito Aedes aegypti. For cases of Zika virus infection, how the symptoms and signs when it infects a pregnant woman?
Zika virus Wisconsin and dangers in Pregnant Women
Zika virus infection in pregnant women is now of particular concern. This is due to the discovery of increasing cases of congenital abnormalities such as microcephaly in infants born to mothers infected with the virus during pregnancy zika.
Microcephaly is a congenital abnormality in which a baby is born with a smaller head size. It is caused by abnormal brain development in the womb. Before zika virus, the cause of microcephaly in general is down syndrome, exposure to drugs, alcohol, and infections rubella (German measles) during pregnancy.
Zika Virus Wisconsin What Is It?
Quoted from Wikipedia, that Zika virus Wisconsin is a virus of the family Flaviviridae and genus flavivirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. The virus can cause mild illness to humans is known as a fever or illness Zika Zika. Zika disease itself began known to occur in equatorial Africa and Asia since the 1950s. The pain is a mild form of the disease dengue fever, where he was treated by rest and can not be prevented through medication or vaccine. Zika diseases linked to yellow fever and West Nile virus is carried by arthropods other congenital flavivirus.
Zika virus Wisconsin was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys through a network monitoring sylvatic yellow fever. It was later identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Zika virus disease outbreaks have been recorded in Africa, America, Asia and the Pacific.
In 2014, the virus is spreading east across the Pacific Ocean to French Polynesia, then to Easter Island and in 2015, it spread to Central America, the Caribbean, and now it spread to South America as one large outbreak. In January 2016, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), United States issued a travel guide for the countries affected by the outbreak, including preventive measures that enhanced guidance and considerations to delay pregnancy for women. Health agencies and other government also issued a similar warning, while countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, and Jamaica, advising women to delay pregnancy so that the risk of the virus can be known.
Signs and Symptoms of Zika Virus Wisconsin Infected
About 1 in 5 people who are infected show symptoms zika. The symptoms of viral infection zika include fever, red spotted skin, headache, joint pain, muscle pain, headache, weakness and inflammation of the conjunctiva.
In some cases zika reported neurological disorders and autoimmune complications. Symptoms of the disease causes pain moderate and lasts for 2-7 days.
This disease often resolves itself without requiring medical treatment. In good body condition this disease can recover within 7-12 days.
Read More on Zika Virus Wisconsin
The incubation period (time from exposure to symptoms) Zika virus illness is unclear, but it may be several days. Symptoms are similar to other arbovirus infections such as dengue fever, and include fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache. These symptoms are usually mild and last for 2-7 days.
During a major outbreak in French Polynesia and Brazil in 2013 and 2015 respectively, the national health authorities to report the potential complications of the neurological and auto-immune diseases Zika virus. More recently in Brazil, local health authorities have observed increased Zika virus infection in the general population as well as an increase in babies born with microcephaly in northeast Brazil. Microchepaly infants with brain size is smaller than normal babies.
Institutions investigate outbreaks Zika found an increasing body of evidence about the relationship between Zika virus Wisconsin and microcephaly. However, further investigation is needed before we understand the relationship between infant and microcephaly Zika virus. Other potential causes are also being investigated.
How do Zika virus Wisconsin transmission?
Zika virus Wisconsin is transmitted through mosquito bites. Mosquitoes are vectors of disease Zika is the Aedes mosquito, Aedes aegypti can be in kind to the tropics, Aedes africanus in Africa, and also Aedes albopictus in several other areas.
Aedes mosquito is a mosquito species that is active during the day, and can live both inside and outdoors. The virus can also be transmitted by zika Pregnant woman to her fetus during pregnancy.
Who is at risk Zika virus Wisconsin?
Anyone living or visiting areas known to have Zika virus are at risk for contracting the virus infected and this zika including pregnant women.
Prevention and Treatment
Mosquitoes and their breeding grounds pose a significant risk factor for Zika virus Wisconsin infection. Prevention and control depends on reducing the mosquito through source reduction (removal and modification of spawning areas) and reduce contact between mosquitoes and humans.
This can be done by using insect repellent; wearing apparel (preferably light colored) that covers the body as much as possible; using physical barriers such as screens, closed doors and windows; and sleep under a mosquito net. It is also important to empty, clean or cover containers that can hold water such as buckets, flower pots or tires, so the places where mosquitoes can breed deleted.
Special attention and support should be given to those who may not be able to protect themselves adequately, such as children, the sick or elderly.
During an outbreak, health authorities may recommend that spraying insecticides do. Insecticides recommended by WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme can also be used as larvicides for treating a relatively large water containers.
Travellers should take basic precautions described above to protect themselves from mosquito bites.
Zika virus Wisconsin disease is usually relatively mild and do not require special treatment. People sick with Zika virus Wisconsin should get plenty of rest, drink plenty of fluids, and treat pain and fever with general medicine. If symptoms worsen, they should seek medical treatment and advice. There is currently no vaccine available.